Nuisance Claim Against a Neighbour: Network Rail Case Study

Collapsed drain at railway station – Network Rail liable for nuisance flooding which prevented a developer from developing land and suffering damage

How does the decision affect property/landowners?

In April 2022 the High Court gave its decision in House Maker (Padgate) Ltd v Network Rail Infrastructure [2022] EWHC 1482 (TCC), a nuisance case between neighbouring landowners. The Judgment has only recently been published.


A private nuisance is usually caused by a person doing something on their own land, which they are lawfully entitled to do, but which becomes a nuisance when the consequences of their act extend to their neighbour’s land, for example by causing physical damage. A claim can be brought in the County Court/High Court seeking an injunction to stop/prevent the nuisance occurring and/or damages.

The facts

House Maker was a residential property development company. It bought a development site next to a railway station that was owned and operated by Network Rail. As a result of a collapsed drain on Network Rail’s property, the development land flooded which prevented House Maker from developing the land for 3 years, and subsequently selling the properties.

Network Rail undertook remedial works on its land to repair the drain and stop the flooding, but House Maker sought damages on the basis that, had it not been for the flooding, it would have completed its development works earlier and sold all of the properties. House Maker made a claim for nuisance and/or negligence against their neighbour, Network Rail, claiming that its inaction/delay had caused it to suffer damage.

The Court’s decision

The Court held that Network Rail owed a ‘measured duty of care’ to House Maker to reduce or remove hazards (the collapsed drain) by taking reasonable steps within a reasonable time.

In doing so, the court took into account the following:-

  • Fairness, justice and reasonableness between the two neighbouring landowners;
  • All the circumstances of the case, including the knowledge of the parties as to the extent of the foreseeable risk, what measures were available to repair the drain/prevent the flooding and the cost of those measures; and
  • The resources of both parties.

The court considered Network Rail was in breach of its duty of care to House Maker. It had failed to prioritise the remedial works required to the drain when it was informed of the flooding and the impact on House Maker’s development plans.

How does this decision affect you as a property/land owner?

The court’s decision illustrates the ongoing development of the concept of a ‘measured duty’ on landowners who fail to act in respect of natural nuisances i.e. a nuisance caused by nature rather than something the landowner has done.

Flooding which causes damage to another person’s land or property can be a common and often serious problem. If you are experiencing flooding or water ingress onto your land or property, or you are told by your neighbour that damage is being caused to their land/house by flooding or other natural cause, you should take advice as soon as possible. It’s possible one party will owe the other a ‘measured duty of care’ to prevent or stop the flooding/damage being caused.


At Kitsons, we’re experts in all things property related. We can advise and help you in resolving flooding, damage or other nuisance issues between neighbours. We know disputes with your neighbour are stressful, worrying and often upsetting. We can guide you through the process in an understanding and straight-forward way to get you the result you are looking for.

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    About the author

    Hayley PrideauxSolicitor

    Hayley is a solicitor in our Litigation team.

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